The Pyramids of Giza are majestic man-made structures, located on the outskirts of the present-day Cairo, Egypt. They were built during the Old Kingdom, the period when Egypt flourished with abundant riches. They are the monumental tombs, where the ancient Egyptians buried their kings whom they held in high esteem. Among the three pyramids that exist today, the Great Pyramid, which is also known as the Pyramid of Khufu, is the oldest and the largest pyramid in the world ever built. It is the last of the ancient seven wonders of the world. Though it was built more than 4000 years ago, it still remains intact, attracting tourists and archeologists from around the world every year.
Egypt is known for its glorious history. During the third and the fourth dynasties of the Old Kingdom, the kings in Egypt were considered equivalent to gods. The Egyptians believed that once their kings died, their spirits remained in their bodies. Hence, they mummified the bodies of their kings to protect their spirits. They believed that the pharaohs, or the kings, would turn into gods in the afterlife and filled the tombs with all the things that their rulers would need in their next life, including clothes, ornaments, vessels, etc.
The Pyramids of Giza boast of impressive engineering wonders, which continue to fascinate many scientists and archeologists even today. They have survived ravages of time, earthquakes and man’s attempt to destroy them.
The Great Pyramid is 481 feet tall and weighs more than 6 million tons. It was built with approximately 2.3 millions of blocks of stones. How the labourers lifted these huge blocks of stone and erected such a magnificent structure, without any modern tools and equipments, remains a mystery to people even today. Nonetheless, archeological facts reveal that the pyramids were built in an era when Egyptian society was organized and when the kingdom was abundant with resources necessary to erect such huge tombs.