The Taj Mahal is one of the most iconic monuments in the world. It is a huge mausoleum, situated on the southern bank of River Yamuna in Agra, India. Known for its stunning architecture, the beautiful monument was built in the 17th century by Shahjahan, the erstwhile ruler of the mighty Mughal emperor. It is a UNESCO World Heritage site, attracting millions of people every year. The splendid dome at the centre of the monument, the beautiful minarets at its four corners, the intricate stone carvings and rich artworks continue to captivate the hearts of its visitors.
An epitome of love and beauty
The Taj Mahal has always been regarded as an epitome of love, since it was built by Shahjahan in memory of his wife, Mumtaz, whom he loved the most among his other wives. Indeed, none can picture the monument today without thinking of the fascinating story behind its construction. The powerful king married Mumtaz Mahal in 1612, showering her with abundant love thereafter. And when she died in 1631, after giving birth to a child, his grief knew no bounds. He then ordered his ministers to construct a huge mausoleum, which would then become a symbol of love as well as the pride of India. The king spent his last years under house arrest in Red Fort, Agra, from where he could have a glimpse of the Taj Mahal. And when he died in 1666, he was buried next to his wife. The construction began in 1632 and lasted two decades.
Built of glistening white marble, the iconic monument is inlaid with semi-precious stones and gems. It is an architectural masterpiece, known for its Indo-Islamic style of architecture. Beautiful verses from the Quran adorn its arched entrances.