Every person has a dream for which they live and kick the bucket. The Himalayas is the dream destination of every voyager, peaceful dweller, adventure seeker, and explorer. The name ‘Himalaya’ is derived from Sanskrit meaning ‘Abode of Snow’. It passes through 6 nations – India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Bhutan and Nepal. It is home to some of the highest peaks on the planet offering the magnificent landscapes of mountains, deep valleys and glaciers. Of the world’s fifteen highest
mountain peaks, nine of them lie in the Nepal region of the Himalayas.
The Himalayas is a series of eight ranges which are spread over 8000m and forms the Great Himalayan Range. The ranges are –the Siwalik, the Dhaula Dhar, the Pir Panjal, the Great Himalaya, the Zanskar, the Stok, the Ladakh Ranges, and the East Karakoram. Each range offers unique trekking spots and different adventure activities.
1. The Siwalik
The Siwalik ranges are also known as Manak Parbat in Hindu Mythology. It is the outer ranges of The Himalayas and extends upto 2,400 Km starting from Indus and ending close to the Brahmaputra river. The ranges break for 90 kms between the Teesta and Raidak rivers in Assam. Vaishno Devi and Dehradun are the famous tourist places in The Siwalik range.
2. The Dhaula Dhar
The Dhaula Dhar ranges lie to the north of Sivalik Range and is a part of lesser or inner Himalayas. The range starts from the north of Kangra and Mandi and is easily identifiable from the back of Dharamsala. It merges with the main Himalayas at the Gangotri Glacier, forming the ranges between Gangotri and Kedarnath. The “Hanuman ji ka Tiba” is the highest peak in The Dhaula Dhar. The famous attraction here is the Kangra Valley.
3. The Pir Panjal
The Pir Panjal ranges extends from the Jhelum River to the upper Beas river and rises upto 5000 metres. It is mainly spread in Kashmir Valley and then joins the Dhaula Dhar range in Dharamsala. The Gulmarg Hill station is must visit here.
4. The Great Himalayas
The Great Himalayas, usually known as Himadri, has an average elevation of 6,100 metres. These are the mountains which isolates the Indian Continent from the Tibetan plateau. It touches the borders of Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Sikkim. Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga are the two highest peaks in this range. The famous trekking trails here are Nanda Devi, Shingo La, Umasi La and Kang La.
5. The Zanskar Range
The Zanskar ranges are formed from where the river Zanskar flows until it reaches the Indus River right before before Leh. It is part of Tethys Himalayas in the state of Jammu and Kashmir having an elevation of nearly 6000 metres. The most famous treks includes Singge La to Lamayuru.
6. The Stok Range
The Stok Range lies 14 kms to the south of Leh District in Jammu and Kashmir. It stands at an altitude of 6,153 metres above the sea level. The Stok Kangri is the the highest peak in this range.
7. The Ladakh Range
The Ladakh ranges are the mountain ranges of an average height 6,000 metres found in State of Jammu and Kashmir touching its northern tips to Pakistan. The southern extension of Ladakh is mainly known as Kailash Range in Tibet. Mount Kailas is the highest peak of this range.
8. The East Karakoram
The ranges including East Karakoram, Zanskar Range, Stok and Ladakh and are known as Trans-Himalayas range. It is the northern most range of Trans-Himalayas having elevation of 5,500 metres and above. It is home to the second highest peak of world, K2 (Mount Godwin-Austen or Chhogori) and the second largest glacier of world, the Siachen Glacier.
Indeed it is impossible to explore all the parts of The Himalayas at one go. But, each trek increases your curiosity to explore more and more of The Himalayas. The Himalaya is like an addiction which hypnotizes you and gives you the eternal peace.
Have you been to the Himalayas? Share your stories in the comments below.